US set to impose more trade restrictions on Chinese AI and supercomputer companies

The White Home is about to unveil guidelines that might additional limit entry to superior computing expertise in China that might be utilized by its army, in keeping with The New York Occasions. The brand new measures, which can be introduced this week, reportedly intention to cut back Beijing’s capability to provide superior weapons and surveillance techniques. 

The brand new guidelines would construct on restrictions that block corporations from promoting US-developed applied sciences to smartphone producer Huawei, first launched by the Trump administration in 2019. President Biden is predicted to use such restrictions to extra Chinese language corporations, authorities analysis labs and different entities, insiders advised the NYT. Corporations around the globe would then be prohibited from promoting any American-made tech to the focused organizations.

Final month, Reuters reported that the White Home may attempt to curb gross sales of superior US-made instruments to China’s semiconductor business. It could additionally restrict exports of American microchips to superior Chinese language supercomputing and knowledge facilities. The measures may hit not solely authorities, however tutorial establishments and web corporations like Alibaba and Tencent. 

Whereas the US has essentially the most efficiency within the Top500 supercomputer record, China leads within the variety of techniques. The brand new US curbs, if enacted, can be the biggest effort to fight China’s capability to construct supercomputers and knowledge facilities. 

Whereas most supercomputing makes use of are benign, some have malign functions like weapons improvement or surveillance. In a single occasion, a supercomputer constructed with Intel and NVIDIA chips was used to surveille minority Uyghurs within the nation. Final month, NVIDIA revealed in an SEC submitting that the US authorities was proscribing gross sales of pc chips used for supercomputers and AI to each Russia and China. 

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